6月 012012
 

立命館大学で6月1日に行われた「社会体制と法」研究会・研究総会で、研究報告をしました。研究総会のテーマは「イスラーム法と体制転換」。

私の報告テーマは「インドネシア宗教裁判所管轄事項の変化とその問題点」でした。配付資料は以下のリンクからダウンロードできます:

配付資料

5月 302011
 

I had an opportunity to submit a paper for this conference. ASLI is inter-university research institute based on the National University of Singapore. ASLI conference is one of the biggest academic meeting of Asian law scholars. This year, the conference was held in Kyushu University, Fukuoka. Next year is in Singapore.

I submit a papre titled “Recent development of legal system on disaster management in Indonesia and its function: The role of law to support sustainability of society under the disaster”.

Main part of this paper is based on the field survey in January in Padang, West Sumatera, and I argued that a decentralized and grass-rooted approach in reconstruction are spoiled by weak governance, lack of monitoring and checking by impartial third party (NGO etc.) and negative influence of traditionally personalized social relation (obsession to harmonious community).

You can download a submitted paper (draft version, not to be cited) and PPT presentation file:

paper_for_asli2011

ppt_for_asli2011

Abstruct of paper is as follows:

Background:
Though disasters, such as earthquakes, cyclones, and droughts, are extreme natural events, the severeness of result of these events depends on vulnerability of each society, class, group or individual (see Wisner et.al.). From the experiences in Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and Kobe earthquake in 1995, we learned that not only a size of disaster or technology level, but the legal system for disaster risk management has much significance for preparedness, mitigation and rehabilitation of disaster (see Farber=Chen).
Thus, legal measures to enhance sustainability (or, to alleviate vulnerability) of society are recently considered as a key for disaster risk management by national governments as well as by international cooperation agencies.
Indonesia is the country that is often suffered serious natural disasters. Especially, Indian Ocean earthquake that triggered huge tsunami in 2004 forced to Indonesian government to review its disaster risk management laws. Then, the government promulgated law no. 24/2007 on disaster management.

Purpose of the paper:
This paper tries to review the recent development of disaster risk management laws in Indonesia. Between the tsunami disaster in Aceh in 2004 and earthquake in Central Java in 2006, there was significant change of disaster management, which is from highly centralized approach to decentralized approach. What legalizes this decentralized disaster management is the law no.24/2007. Then, the earthquake that hit Padang city, West Sumatra, in September 2009 is the first severe disaster after the promulgation of law no. 24/2007.
This paper mainly focuses upon the development of legal measures and institutions for disaster risk management after the law no.24/2007 through the field research in Padang and other Indonesian cities.
The main questions of this paper are:

1. How do the national and local authorities are institutionalized under the law no.24/2007?

2. How does the disaster risk management system provided by law no.24/2007 work after the earthquake in Padang? This analysis is to be done with comparison to previous disasters.

Method:
This paper is based on the field research in Padang, Yogyakarta, Jakarta and Aceh supported by the interdisciplinary research team of Nagoya University since 2004 and research project sponsored by the JST-JICA since 2007. The author takes charge of the research on risk management laws and legal disputes caused by disaster. This paper examines an actual operation of disaster risk management laws through interview survey to residents, NGOs, administrative and judicial authorities.

11月 112009
 

研究のために個人的に作成しているインドネシア法令の翻訳を順次公開しています。あくまで私個人の研究利用目的の翻訳をただ掲載しているので誤訳等も直していません。

現在は、インドネシアにおける災害対策に関する法令を中心に翻訳を行っています。